Let’s Put it Together
Now that you are familiar with the parts
of the motherboard,
you need to mount it to the computer case. Be careful, A static/electric discharge has
the capability of ruining electrical components. To avoid this, be sure to touch your
bare hand on some metal of the computer case before handling any electrical components. This
will act as some type of ground removing any static electricity that may be built up on your
With the case comes a bag full of screws,
nylon plastic spacers, and brass mounts. Place the motherboard over the case and find out
where the holes match from the motherboard to the case. If the corresponding hole on the
case is threaded, screw in a brass mount; if it is a slot, use a nylon spacer instead. Place
the motherboard on the case over the mounting bolt and nylon spacers. Get the fine threaded
screws and bolt down the motherboard into the brass mounts.
Installing the CPU & RAM
Carefully read the Motherboard manual and
note the jumper settings you must apply for the Motherboard to work properly with the CPU.
Some Motherboards may be jumperless, in this case you can just pop in the CPU with no
Installing the RAM
is even easier. There are no jumpers to worry about. Just note that the RAM is
keyed, meaning that it will only fit in the slot one way. Also you should know that
you cannot mix 2 kinds of RAM, if your computer is able to boot you will most likely battle
Adding the Rest
Now that the motherboard is in place, you are ready to connect the power supply, then
the cards, such as the video card and sound card. This is all like putting a puzzle together
because if you have a PCI video card it
doesn’t matter which PCI
slot it goes into and the same goes for ISA
Next mount the hard
drive, and CD-ROM drive into the case.
On the far left in the picture on the left, you can see the bays where the drives go. Each drive needs to be plugged into the power supply
and needs a ribbon cable attached. The rule is, the hard drive that your computer will boot up on must be Master of IDE Controller 1 and you
can only have two devices per ribbon cable (a master and a slave). Sometimes you will have an IDE drive that has the option of CS or
Cable Select. I do not recommend using this option for any of your components. Rather, assign each drive to be Master or Slave
on each controller.
More on ribbon cables:
On a ribbon cable there is a red stripe on one side. That is used so that you connect
pin1 on the drive to pin1 on the motherboard. If you look at the drive you can see which
side of the IDE port where pin1 is. It is usually printed on the bottom of the drive. Make
sure the red stripe goes to that side, do the same for the motherboard.
Shown is a picture of a Western Digital drive. On Western Digital drives, pin1 is closest to the jumper block.
Performance for more information.
What about those jumpers?
Two devices may be used on each IDE
controller. If you look back the picture of the motherboard,
there are 2 IDE controllers. One is set as the master and the other the slave. If you are
only going to have one drive on that controller, set it as the master. The jumper diagram
above shows you how to set the drive for master or slave. If you only have two drives, put
one as master on each controller for better performance, that way they do not have to share.
You might have to buy another IDE ribbon cable to do this.
More on CD-ROM and DVD Drives:
CD-ROM and DVD drives will also have a little 4-pin connector on the back that is used to
connect it directly to the sound card. This is the audio cable used when you are
playing music CDs. Without it you will not be also to get any CD audio through your
sound card. See the Sound Card
Peripheral picture and look for the CD Audio connector.
Your computer is now together! All you
need to do now is install an operating system, which is a whole other tutorial. Until we
write one, good luck!
You should be done!
Article last reviewed: 09/06/2002
Created by: Digital Foundation,
Copyright © 2002-2005 Digital Foundation,
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